Browsing All Christie Publications by Subjects
Now showing items 1-2 of 2
Fractionated high dose rate brachytherapy moulds--a precise treatment for carcinoma of the pinna.BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to describe a fractionated high dose rate brachytherapy procedure for the treatment of small superficial cancers of the pinna and to report the outcome in a small series of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with superficial cancers of the pinna, not invading cartilage, have been treated and in the majority of cases the tumour thickness was determined by a transdermal ultrasound measurement. For the single-plane moulds the prescribed surface dose was 45 Gy in eight fractions over 5 days and the moulds were constructed such that the full thickness of the disease, as determined by the ultrasound measurement, would lie within the 80% isodose surface. One case was treated with a sandwich mould and in this case the dose was reduced to 42.5 Gy. The treatment machine was a high dose rate microselectron, which contains a single stepping iridium source. RESULTS: The radiation reactions were of moderate severity, but were limited to the high dose volume. In all cases there was complete tumour resolution and rapid healing occurred leaving a barely perceptible scar. There were no recurrences over a minimum follow-up time of 18 months and there were no late radiation complications in this period. CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of superficial carcinoma of the pinna by means of HDR moulds is a safe and reliable technique. In this small series of patients there was total tumour control with excellent cosmesis.
Megavoltage electron beam therapy in the treatment of basal and squamous cell carcinomata of the pinna.Kilovoltage X-ray therapy has considerable limitations when trying to obtain good functional results in patients with skin carcinomas arising on the pinna. Megavoltage electron beams with their better quality of radiation and homogeneous dose distribution have been recognised to have theoretical advantages. Forty-three patients with basal and squamous cell carcinomata arising on the pinna were treated radically using a 10 MeV electron beam. The technique and dosage are described and discussed. Primary cancer control with retention of the pinna was achieved in 34 patients. Salvage pinnectomy was performed in four patients for recurrence and one patient for radiation necrosis. Two patients with large primary tumours failed to resolve and died of their disease. The advantages for the patient of the policy of primary radical electron mean therapy are discussed.