• The patient-reported outcome measures in oropharyngeal, laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer patients treated with Volumetric Modulated Arc based simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy

      Elumalai, Thiraviyam; Mukherji, A.; Vijayaprabhu, N.; Periasamy, K.; Yadala, A.; Department of Radiotherapy, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India (2021)
      Objective: To assess the change in the quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer patients treated with Simultaneous Integrated Boost (SIB) by Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) technique. Methods: Thirty patients with localised head and neck cancers (Stage II- IVa) were treated with VMAT and SIB technique. The three-dose levels prescribed were 68.2 Gy at 2.2 Gy/fraction, 62 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction and 55.8 Gy at 1.8 Gy/fraction to the high, intermediate and low-risk volumes respectively. Concurrent chemotherapy with cisplatin 100 mg/m2 was administered once in three weeks. Acute toxicities were evaluated and scored according to the RTOG grading system. Quality of life (QOL) was assessed using European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQC30 and HN35 questionnaires at baseline and in three instances (immediately, one month and three months after the radiotherapy). Results: Out of the total 30, 80% patients had a complete response (CR) at the median follow up of 12 months, while three patients died because of progression, and the remaining 3 had stable disease. All planning objectives were achieved for organs at risk and planning target volume(PTV). There was a statiscally significant(p value < 0.001) reduction in global quality of life scores at the end of treatment when compared to baseline scores, but by three months, there was the return in the QOL scores in most scales similar to the baseline value. Conclusion: VMAT based Simultaneous boost radiotherapy is a feasible and safe strategy in terms of toxicity profile with an acceptable transient change in the quality of life and allows a faster return to baseline quality of life.