• IGNYTE-ESO: A master protocol to assess safety and activity of letetresgene autoleucel (lete-cel; GSK3377794) in HLA-A*02+patients with synovial sarcoma or myxoid/round cell liposarcoma (Substudies 1 and 2)

      D'Angelo, S. P.; Noujaim, J. C.; Thistlethwaite, Fiona C; Razak, A. R. A.; Stacchiotti, S.; Chow, W. A.; Haanen, J.; Chalmers, A. W.; Robinson, S. I.; Van Tine, B. A.; et al. (2021)
      Background: Letetresgene autoleucel (lete-cel; GSK3377794) is an autologous T-cell product using a genetically modified T-cell receptor to target cancer cells expressing the cancer testis antigen New-York esophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1 (NY-ESO-1). Lete-cel is currently being investigated alone and in combination in multiple tumor types [1,2]. NY-ESO-1 is expressed in 70‒80% of synovial sarcoma (SS) and 80‒90% of myxoid/round cell liposarcoma (MRCLS) tumors [3,4], suggesting these tumors may be prime lete-cel targets. This master protocol design (IGNYTE-ESO; NCT03967223) enables evaluation of multiple cell therapies in multiple tumor types and treatment stages in separate substudies, beginning with lete-cel in Substudies 1 and 2 for SS and MRCLS. Methods: Substudy 1 is a single-arm study assessing lete-cel in treatment-naïve patients (pts; ie, anthracycline therapy-naïve for metastatic disease) with advanced (metastatic/unresectable) NY-ESO-1+ SS or MRCLS as a first line of therapy (n=10 planned). Substudy 2 is a pivotal, single-arm study assessing lete-cel in pts with NY-ESO-1+ SS or MRCLS who progressed after anthracycline therapy (n=70 planned). Key eligibility criteria are age ≥10 y and NY-ESO-1 and HLA-A*02 positivity. Exclusion criteria include prior NY-ESO-1–specific/gene therapy, allogeneic stem cell transplant, and central nervous system metastases. Screened pts undergo leukapheresis for lete-cel manufacture, lymphodepletion, lete-cel infusion, and follow-up (FU). Long-term FU (15 y) may be done under a separate protocol. The Substudy 2 primary endpoint is overall response rate (ORR) per RECIST v1.1 assessed by central independent review. Substudy 1 is not testing any formal hypotheses; statistical analysis will be descriptive. Substudy 2 is comparing ORR with the historical control assuming at least 90% power with 0.025 one-sided type I error. Secondary endpoints include efficacy (time to/duration of response, disease control rate, progression-free survival), safety (adverse event [AE] frequency/severity, serious AEs, AEs of special interest), and pharmacokinetic (maximum transgene expansion [Cmax], time to Cmax, area under the time curve from zero to time t as data permit). Enrollment began in December 2019. References: 1. Reckamp KL, et al. Ann Oncol 2019;30(Suppl_5):v602–v660. 2. Rapoport A, et al. J Clin Oncol 2020 38:15_suppl, TPS8555. 3. D’Angelo SP, et al. Cancer Discov 2018;8(8):944–957. 4. D’Angelo SP, et al. J Clin Oncol 2018 36:15_suppl, 3005. Funding: GSK. Editorial support was provided by Eithne Maguire, PhD, of Fishawack Indicia, part of Fishawack Health, and funded by GSK. Previously presented at BSG 2021 (P914542).
    • Safety and activity of autologous T cells with enhanced NY-ESO-1-specific T-cell receptor (GSK3377794) in HLA-a*02(+) previously-treated and - untreated patients with advanced metastatic/unresectable synovial sarcoma: A master protocol study design (IGNYTE-ESO)

      D'Angelo, S. P.; Blay, J. Y.; Chow, W. A.; Demetri, G. D.; Thistlethwaite, Fiona C; Sen, S.; Razak, A. R. A.; Haanen, J.; Noujaim, J. C.; Johnson, M. L.; et al. (2020)
      Background: T cells modified to target NY-ESO-1 have shown encouraging activity in HLA-A*02+ patients with NY-ESO-1–positive synovial sarcoma. NY-ESO-1 is a cancer/testis antigen that is expressed across multiple tumor types and highly expressed in synovial sarcoma. NY-ESO-1 TCR T (GSK3377794) are autologous polyclonal T cells transduced by a self-inactivating lentiviral vector to express an affinity-enhanced TCR able to recognize NY-ESO-1 epitope in complex with HLA-A*02. Ongoing trials are evaluating GSK3377794 in multiple solid tumors and multiple myeloma. Methods: This study (NCT03967223) uses a Master Protocol design that allows investigation of GSK3377794 in multiple tumor types under the same protocol in separate substudies. The first two are single-arm substudies in patients with advanced metastatic or unresectable synovial sarcoma: treatment-naïve (1st line [1L], substudy 1; n = 10 planned) and progressing after anthracycline-based chemotherapy (2L+, substudy 2; n = 55 planned). Patients must be aged ≥10 years, have adequate organ function, ECOG performance status 0–1, measurable disease, and no central nervous system metastases. Excluded prior treatments include gene therapy with an integrating vector or NY-ESO-1–specific T cells, vaccine or targeting antibody, or allogeneic stem cell transplant. Patients will undergo leukapheresis and manufacture of GSK3377794; lymphodepletion then GSK3377794 infusion, followed by safety and disease assessments; and long-term follow-up for 15 years (under a separate protocol). The primary objective of substudy 2 is overall response rate per RECIST v1.1 by central independent review. Secondary objectives include time to response, duration of response, disease control rate, progression-free survival, overall survival, plus safety and tolerability. Exploratory objectives include assessment of the correlation of T-cell persistence with safety, clinical responses, and infused T-cell phenotype. Evaluation of quality of life and daily functioning of patients will also be assessed. Enrollment began in December 2019. These data are presented on behalf of the original authors with their permission. A similar presentation (P453) was presented at the SITC Annual Meeting, National Harbor, MD, USA, Nov 6–10, 2019. Funding: GlaxoSmithKline (208467) Clinical trial information: NCT03967223.