• The acute and late toxicity results of a randomized phase II dose-escalation trial in non-small cell lung cancer (PET-boost trial)

      van Diessen, DJ; De Ruysscher, D; Sonke, JJ; Damen, E; Sikorska, K; Reymen, B; van Elmpt, W; Westman, G; Fredberg, PG; Dieleman, E; et al. (2018)
      BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The PET-boost randomized phase II trial (NCT01024829) investigated dose-escalation to the entire primary tumour or redistributed to regions of high pre-treatment FDG-uptake in inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We present a toxicity analysis of the 107 patients randomized in the study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with stage II-III NSCLC were treated with an isotoxic integrated boost of ?72?Gy in 24 fractions, with/without chemotherapy and strict dose limits. Toxicity was scored until death according to the CTCAEv3.0. RESULTS: 77 (72%) patients were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Acute and late ?G3 occurred in 41% and 25%. For concurrent (C) and sequential or radiotherapy alone (S), the most common acute ?G3 toxicities were: dysphagia in 14.3% (C) and 3.3% (S), dyspnoea in 2.6% (C) and 6.7% (S), pneumonitis in 0% (C) and 6.7% (S), cardiac toxicity in 6.5% (C) and 3.3% (S). Seventeen patients died of which in 13 patients a possible relation to treatment could not be excluded. In 10 of these 13 patients progressive disease was scored. Fatal pulmonary haemorrhages and oesophageal fistulae were observed in 9 patients. CONCLUSION: Personalized dose-escalation in inoperable NSCLC patients results in higher acute and late toxicity compared to conventional chemoradiotherapy. The toxicity, however, was within the boundaries of the pre-defined stopping rules.