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En-face optical coherence tomography for the detection of cancer in prostatectomy specimens: quantitative analysis in 20 patientsSwaan, A; Muller, BG; Wilk, LS; Almasian, M; Zwartkruis, E; Rozendaal, L; de Bruin, DM; Faber, DJ; van Leeuwen, TG; van Herk, Marcel; et al. (2020)The increase histopathological evaluation of prostatectomy specimens rises the workload on pathologists. Automated histopathology systems, preferably directly on unstained specimens, would accelerate the pathology workflow. In this study, we investigate the potential of quantitative analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) to separate benign from malignant prostate tissue automatically. Twenty fixated prostates were cut, from which 54 slices were scanned by OCT. Quantitative OCT metrics (attenuation coefficient, residue, goodness-of-fit) were compared for different tissue types, annotated on the histology slides. To avoid misclassification, the poor-quality slides, and edges of annotations were excluded. Accurate registration of OCT data with histology was achieved in 31 slices. After removing outliers, 56% of the OCT data was compared with histopathology. The quantitative data could not separate malignant from benign tissue. Logistic regression resulted in malignant detection with a sensitivity of 0.80 and a specificity of 0.34. Quantitative OCT analysis should be improved before clinical use. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.