Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorStern, Peter L
dc.contributor.authorBrazzatti, J
dc.contributor.authorSawan, S
dc.contributor.authorMcGinn, Owen J
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-26T11:12:17Z
dc.date.available2015-01-26T11:12:17Z
dc.date.issued2014-12
dc.identifier.citationUnderstanding and exploiting 5T4 oncofoetal glycoprotein expression. 2014, 29:13-20 Semin Cancer Biolen
dc.identifier.issn1096-3650
dc.identifier.pmid25066861
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.semcancer.2014.07.004
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/338850
dc.description.abstractOncofoetal antigens are present during foetal development with generally limited expression in the adult but are upregulated in cancer. These molecules can sometimes be used to diagnose or follow treatment of tumours or as a target for different immunotherapies. The 5T4 oncofoetal glycoprotein was identified by searching for shared surface molecules of human trophoblast and cancer cells with the rationale that they may function to allow survival of the foetus as a semi-allograft in the mother or a tumour in its host, potentially influencing growth, invasion or altered immune surveillance of the host. 5T4 tumour selective expression has stimulated the development of 5T4 vaccine, 5T4 antibody targeted-superantigen and 5T4 antibody-drug therapies through preclinical and into clinical studies. It is now apparent that 5T4 expression is a marker of the use (or not) of several cellular pathways relevant to tumour growth and spread. Thus 5T4 expression is mechanistically associated with the directional movement of cells through epithelial mesenchymal transition, facilitation of CXCL12/CXCR4 chemotaxis, blocking of canonical Wnt/beta-catenin while favouring non-canonical pathway signalling. These processes are highly regulated in development and in normal adult tissues but can contribute to the spread of cancer cells. Understanding the differential impact of these pathways marked by 5T4 can potentially improve existing, or aid development of novel cancer treatment strategies.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Seminars in cancer biologyen
dc.titleUnderstanding and exploiting 5T4 oncofoetal glycoprotein expression.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentInstitute of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, UKen
dc.identifier.journalSeminars in Cancer Biologyen
html.description.abstractOncofoetal antigens are present during foetal development with generally limited expression in the adult but are upregulated in cancer. These molecules can sometimes be used to diagnose or follow treatment of tumours or as a target for different immunotherapies. The 5T4 oncofoetal glycoprotein was identified by searching for shared surface molecules of human trophoblast and cancer cells with the rationale that they may function to allow survival of the foetus as a semi-allograft in the mother or a tumour in its host, potentially influencing growth, invasion or altered immune surveillance of the host. 5T4 tumour selective expression has stimulated the development of 5T4 vaccine, 5T4 antibody targeted-superantigen and 5T4 antibody-drug therapies through preclinical and into clinical studies. It is now apparent that 5T4 expression is a marker of the use (or not) of several cellular pathways relevant to tumour growth and spread. Thus 5T4 expression is mechanistically associated with the directional movement of cells through epithelial mesenchymal transition, facilitation of CXCL12/CXCR4 chemotaxis, blocking of canonical Wnt/beta-catenin while favouring non-canonical pathway signalling. These processes are highly regulated in development and in normal adult tissues but can contribute to the spread of cancer cells. Understanding the differential impact of these pathways marked by 5T4 can potentially improve existing, or aid development of novel cancer treatment strategies.


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record