Fry, D J
Clamp, Andrew R
Jayson, Gordon C
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AbstractBackground:Thrombotic events are common in cancer patients and have been associated with an adverse prognosis in large registry-based studies.Methods:A retrospective cohort of 417 patients with ovarian cancer treated at a tertiary cancer centre between 2006 and 2009 was studied to identify the incidence and risk factors for thrombotic events and the prognostic impact of thrombosis. Patient outcomes were evaluated against a matched control group without thrombosis.Results:Ninety-nine thrombotic events occurred in 90 patients (21.6%) from 8 months before diagnosis to 56 months following diagnosis, peaking in the 4 months following diagnosis. Patients with thrombosis were older (mean 65 vs 61 years, P=0.007), had a worse performance status (PS 2: 29.9% vs 9.5%, P<0.0001) and had a more advanced FIGO stage (FIGO III/IV 75.6% vs 56.9%, P<0.0001) than patients without thrombosis. Shorter overall survival was seen in patients with pulmonary embolism and pelvic/lower limb deep vein thrombosis than without thrombosis (P=0.001). When the control group was matched for stage and PS, no survival difference was seen (P=0.91).Conclusion:Ovarian cancer patients with thrombotic events had a shorter survival. However, when matched for prognostic factors (PS and FIGO stage), thrombosis did not impact upon prognosis.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 21 January 2014; doi:10.1038/bjc.2014.3 www.bjcancer.com.
CitationThrombosis in ovarian cancer: a case control study. 2014: Br J Cancer
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer