Nutritional interventions for reducing gastrointestinal toxicity in adults undergoing radical pelvic radiotherapy.
AbstractAcross the developed world, an estimated 150,000 to 300,000 people are treated annually with pelvic radiotherapy and 80% will develop gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms during treatment. Acute GI symptoms are associated with a greater risk of chronic, often debilitating, GI symptoms. Up to one-third of patients are malnourished before pelvic radiotherapy and up to four-fifths of patients lose weight during treatment. Malnutrition is linked to a higher risk of GI toxicity, which can lead to breaks in radiotherapy and early cessation of chemotherapy, thus compromising the efficacy of the primary cancer treatment.
CitationNutritional interventions for reducing gastrointestinal toxicity in adults undergoing radical pelvic radiotherapy. 2013, 11:CD009896 Cochrane Database Syst Rev
JournalThe Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews