Phase II study of Gemcitabine and Bexarotene (GEMBEX) in the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
AuthorsIllidge, Timothy M
Cowan, Richard A
AffiliationManchester Academic Health Science Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, The Christie, Wilmslow Road, Manchester, M20 4BX, UK.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground:Both gemcitabine and bexarotene are established single agents for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). We investigated the feasibility and efficacy of combining these drugs in a single-arm phase II study.Methods:Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma patients who had failed standard skin-directed therapy and at least one prior systemic therapy were given four cycles of gemcitabine and concurrent bexarotene for 12 weeks. Responders were continued on bexarotene maintenance until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.Results:The median age was 65 years, stage IB (n=5), stage IIA (n=2), stage IIB (n=8), stage III (n=8) and stage IVA (n=12), 17 patients were erythrodermic, 17 patients were B1, and 10 patients were both erythrodermic and B1. Thirty (86%) patients completed four cycles of gemcitabine. In all, 80.0% of patients demonstrated a reduction in modified Severity-Weighted Assessment Tool (mSWAT) score although the objective disease response rate at 12 weeks was 31% (partial response (PR) 31%) and at 24 weeks 14% (PR 14%, stable disease (SD) 23%, progressive disease (PD) 54%, not evaluable 9%). Median progression-free survival was 5.3 months and median overall survival was 21.2 months.Conclusion:The overall response rate of the combination did not reach the specified target to proceed further and is lower than that previously reported for gemcitabine as a single agent.
CitationPhase II study of Gemcitabine and Bexarotene (GEMBEX) in the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. 2013, 109 (10):2566-73 Br J Cancer
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
- Evaluation of the efficacy of the combination of oral bexarotene and methotrexate for the treatment of early stage treatment-refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
- Authors: Kannangara AP, Levitan D, Fleischer AB Jr
- Issue date: 2009
- Final results of phase II trial of doxorubicin HCl liposome injection followed by bexarotene in advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
- Authors: Straus DJ, Duvic M, Horwitz SM, Hymes K, Goy A, Hernandez-Ilizaliturri FJ, Feldman T, Wegner B, Myskowski PL
- Issue date: 2014 Jan
- Results of a phase II trial of oral bexarotene (Targretin) combined with interferon alfa-2b (Intron-A) for patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
- Authors: Straus DJ, Duvic M, Kuzel T, Horwitz S, Demierre MF, Myskowski P, Steckel S
- Issue date: 2007 May 1
- Phase IIb multicenter trial of vorinostat in patients with persistent, progressive, or treatment refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
- Authors: Olsen EA, Kim YH, Kuzel TM, Pacheco TR, Foss FM, Parker S, Frankel SR, Chen C, Ricker JL, Arduino JM, Duvic M
- Issue date: 2007 Jul 20
- Bexarotene--an alternative therapy for progressive cutaneous T-cell lymphoma? First experiences.
- Authors: Bohmeyer J, Stadler R, Kremer A, Nashan D, Muche M, Gellrich S, Luger T, Sterry W
- Issue date: 2003 Oct