AuthorsWinterton, R I S
Lambe, Gerard F
Mowatt, David J
Murphy, James V
Ross, Gary L
AffiliationDepartment of Plastic Surgery, Christie Hospital, Wilmslow Road, Manchester M20 4BX, UK.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractDefects of the perineum are created during ablative procedures for gynaecological, urological and colorectal malignancies. The gluteal fold flap is a reliable means of reconstructing these defects. We retrospectively reviewed case notes of gluteal fold flaps performed for perineal reconstruction over four years (2007-2010) in our institution. 77 perineal defects were reconstructed using unilateral or bilateral gluteal fold flaps (127 flaps in total). 50% of all patients are discharged before 11 days, and 90% were discharged within one month. Mean time to discharge was 13.2 days. 70% of all patients were completely healed at 2 months, and 85% completely healed at three months. Pre-operative radiotherapy was found to have a prolonging effect on the time to discharge (P < 0.05) but did not reach statistical significance when considering the eventual time to healing. The number of co-morbidities that each patient had at the time of surgery had a prolonging effect on both time to discharge and time to healing (P < 0.03). The type of resected areas that required reconstruction did not have a statistically significant effect on the time to discharge, but defects where the anus had been resected did eventually take longer to heal than those were the anus was not resected (P < 0.01). 124 flaps were successful (97.6%) with total or partial flap loss occurring in three. Complications were seen in 34 of the 77 patients (44%), with simple wound breakdown resulting in delayed healing seen most frequently (30%). The gluteal fold fasciocutaneous flap is a versatile option for reconstructing a wide range of pelvic and perineal defects. Patients with multiple co-morbidities, cases with radiotherapy and instances where the anus has been resected are more likely to experience longer healing times. We present our algorithm for management for perineal defects after tumour resection.
CitationGluteal fold flaps for perineal reconstruction. 2012: J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
JournalJournal of Plastic Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery