Lack of Prognostic Effect of Carbonic Anhydrase-9, Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1α and Bcl-2 in 286 Patients with Early Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Glottic Larynx Treated with Radiotherapy.
AuthorsDouglas, Catriona Mairi
Bernstein, Jonathan M
Ormston, V E
Hall, R C
Valentine, Helen R
Slevin, Nicholas J
West, Catharine M L
AffiliationDepartment of Surgery, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; Radiotherapy Related Research, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
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AbstractAIMS: To evaluate the prognostic significance of potential tumour markers of hypoxia and apoptosis in early squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx managed with radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 382 patients with T1 and T2 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx (vocal cords) received radical radiotherapy (50-55 Gy, in 16 fractions in 98% of cases). Pre-treatment haemoglobin was available for 328 patients; biopsy samples were available for 286. Immunohistochemistry was carried out for carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA-9), hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and Bcl-2. RESULTS: At 5 years, locoregional control was achieved in 88.2%, cancer-specific survival in 95.0% and overall survival in 78.7%. Adverse prognostic factors for locoregional tumour recurrence were pre-treatment haemoglobin <13.0 g/dl (P = 0.035, Log rank test; sensitivity 0.28, specificity 0.84) and stage T2 rather than T1 (P = 0.002). The effect of haemoglobin level on locoregional control was not significant when stratified by the median of 14.2 g/dl (P = 0.43) or as a continuous variable (P = 0.59). High CA-9 (P = 0.11), HIF-1α (P = 0.67) and Bcl-2 (P = 0.77) expression had no prognostic significance. CONCLUSIONS: High CA-9, HIF-1α and Bcl-2 do not add to the prognostic significance of tumour stage and lower haemoglobin in predicting failure of local control in early glottic larynx squamous cell carcinoma managed with radiotherapy. The effect of haemoglobin was not strong enough to be useful as a prognostic biomarker.
CitationLack of Prognostic Effect of Carbonic Anhydrase-9, Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1α and Bcl-2 in 286 Patients with Early Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Glottic Larynx Treated with Radiotherapy. 2012:Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol)
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