Preparation of heparin/heparan sulfate oligosaccharides with internal N-unsubstituted glucosamine residues for functional studies.
AffiliationInstitute of Glycobiochemistry, National Engineering Research Centre of Chemical Fertilizer Catalyst, Fu Zhou University, Fu Zhou 350002, People's Republic of China.
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AbstractThe rare N-unsubstituted glucosamine (GlcNH (3)(+)) residues in heparan sulfate (HS) have important biological and pathophysiological roles. However, it is difficult to prepare naturally-occuring, GlcNH(3)(+)-containing oligosaccharides from HS because of their low abundance, as well as the inherent problems in both excising and identifying them. Therefore, the ability to chemically generate a series of structurally-defined oligosaccharides containing GlcNH(3)(+) residues would greatly contribute to investigating their natural role in HS. In this study, a series of heparin/HS oligosaccharides, from dp6 up to dp16 in length that possess internal GlcNH(3)(+) residues were prepared by a combination of chemical modification and heparinase I digestion. Purification and structural analysis of the major species derived from the octa- to dodeca-saccharide size fractions indicated the introduction of between 1 and 3 internal GlcNH(3)(+) residues per oligosaccharide. In addition, a GlcNH(3)(+) residue was selectively introduced into an internal position in a tetrasaccharide species by direct chemical modification. This selectivity has potential as an alternative procedure for preparing internally-modified oligosaccharides of various lengths. The utility of such oligosaccharides was demonstrated by a comparison of the binding of three different tetrasaccharide species containing 0, 1 and 2 free amino groups to the NK1 truncated variant of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor.
CitationPreparation of heparin/heparan sulfate oligosaccharides with internal N-unsubstituted glucosamine residues for functional studies. 2011, 28 (8-9):525-35 Glycoconj J