In vivo alkylation of foetal, maternal and normal rat tissue nucleic acids by 3-methyl-1-phenyltriazene.
AffiliationPaterson Laboratories, Christie Hospital and Holt Radium Institute, Manchester
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AbstractThe carcinogen 3-methyl-1-phenyltriazene (MPT) was administered subcutaneously to normal or pregnant BD VI rats and DNA and RNA were isolated from various tissues after 8 h or 15 h, respectively. Sephadex G-10 chromatography of DNA hydrolysates showed the presence of 7-methylguanine in all tissues examined including that of the brain, one of the target organs for tumour induction. The amounts of the minor product, O6-methylguanine, were characteristic of an SN1 reaction mechanism. Dowex-50 chromatography of RNA hydrolysates showed the presence of 7-methylguanine and of the minor product, 3-methylcytosine. The relative amounts, both of the methylated bases in the individual nucleic acids and of 7-methylguanine in DNA and RNA, were similar to those found previously after administration of 3,3-dimethyl-1-phenyltriazene (DMPT). This suggests the involvment of a common alkylating intermediate. De novo incorporation of radioactivity into purine bases was detected in both DNA and RNA although the levels were not related to the amounts of methylation. The results show that MPT is sufficiently stable to alkylate nucleic acids in vivo and are consistent with the hypothesis that this reaction is a prerequisite for tumour induction. Futhermore, they support the proposal that MPT is the active intermediate in the induction of tumours by DMPT.
CitationIn vivo alkylation of foetal, maternal and normal rat tissue nucleic acids by 3-methyl-1-phenyltriazene. 1979, 25 (2-3):345-53 Chem Biol Interact
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