Normal growth despite abnormalities of growth hormone secretion in children treated for acute leukemia.
AffiliationChristie Hospital and Holt Radium Institute, Manchester
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AbstractWe have studied the relationship between abnormalities of the growth hormone-somatomedin axis and growth in 26 children previously treated for acute lymphatic leukemia. Each child had previously received cranial irradiation, was in complete clinical and hematologic remission, and off all drugs. The mean standing height SDS of the 26 children was significantly less than normal. There was no significant difference between the mean standing height SDS, height velocity SDS, somatomedin activities, and degree of bone age retardation between the 17 children who received the higher dose of cranial irradiation (Group 1) and the nine who had the lower dose of cranial irradiation (Group II). Furthermore, there was no significant reduction in mean height velocity SDS, somatomedin activity, or bone age in either group when compared to normal age-matched controls. The peak GH responses to both insulin hypoglycemia and an arginine test were significantly lowered in Groups I and II when compared to a control group of children. We conclude that only a minority of children, who previously received cranial irradiation for ALL were clinically GH deficient and, therefore, likely to benefit from GH therapy despite the finding that the majority of these children had reduced GH responses to pharmacologic stimuli.
CitationNormal growth despite abnormalities of growth hormone secretion in children treated for acute leukemia. 1979, 94 (5):719-22 J Pediatr
JournalThe Journal of Pediatrics