DNA repair, DNA synthesis and cell cycle delay in human lymphoblastoid cells differentially sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of nitrogen mustard.
AffiliationPaterson Laboratories, CHristie Hospital and Holt Radium Institute, Manchester, M20 9BX, United Kingdom
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AbstractTwo cloned human lymphoblastoid cell lines, Raji and TK6, differ in their sensitivity to the cytotoxic effects of nitrogen mustard (HN2). Raji cells exhibit a biphasic response with an initial D value of 0.06 microgram/ml and a final slope of 0.25 microgram/ml. TK6 cells were considerably more sensitive, D0 value 0.02 microgram/ml. Dose-response relationships for delay in cell cycle progression were measured using flow cytometry. Delay in S-phase traverse was concentration-dependent in both cell lines, and at a given concentration was 2-fold greater in TK6 than in Raji. Numbers of crosslinks (determined by alkaline elution) increased linearly with increasing HN2 concentration and were approximately 2-fold higher in TK6 than in Raji. At equal levels of DNA crosslinks, rates of removal were similar in both cell lines. Inhibition of [3H]TdR uptake was concentration-dependent and the extent of inhibition was similar in both cell lines. Recovery from HN2-induced inhibition of cell cycle progression markedly preceded recovery from inhibition of [3H]TdR incorporation suggesting that nucleotide pools are markedly perturbed in HN2-treated cells. The difference in sensitivity of these two cell lines cannot be adequately explained by differences in amounts of initial DNA damage, rates of repair, differential S-phase delay or rate of loss of DNA crosslinks.
CitationDNA repair, DNA synthesis and cell cycle delay in human lymphoblastoid cells differentially sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of nitrogen mustard., 132 (1-2):63-72 Mutat Res