Lack of binding of serum glycoprotein hormone alpha subunit to concanavalin A-Sepharose reflects increased branching of the oligosaccharide chains.
AffiliationPaterson Laboratories and Radiotherapy Department, CHristie Hospital and Holt Radium Institute, Manchester M20 9BX
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AbstractThe lectin-binding properties of serum alpha subunit were studied by lectin affinity chromatography. Normal individuals and most patients with pituitary tumours produced alpha subunit which bound specifically to Concanavalin A-Sepharose (Con A). Some patients with pituitary tumours produced both Con A-reactive alpha subunit and alpha subunit which did not bind to Con A. Concanavalin A-Sepharose-binding alpha subunit from all sources bound strongly to Ricinus communis agglutinin-Sepharose after treatment with neuraminidase. Serum alpha subunit from those patients with pituitary tumours, which did not bind to Con A, bound to wheat germ agglutinin-Sepharose, exhibiting both weakly binding and strongly binding forms. Serum alpha subunit from both patients and controls, which did bind to Con A, showed only weak affinity for wheat germ agglutinin-Sepharose. Neither the low affinity nor the high affinity of serum alpha subunit from any source for wheat germ agglutinin-Sepharose was affected by neuraminidase. These findings show that (a) the predominant pattern of glycosylation of serum alpha subunit from normal controls is a Con A-reactive, biantennate complex oligosaccharide and (b) that the structural alteration which results in serum alpha subunit which does not bind to Con A in some patients with pituitary tumours is not an absence of carbohydrate, rather the alpha subunit contains highly branched, either complex or hybrid oligosaccharides.
CitationLack of binding of serum glycoprotein hormone alpha subunit to concanavalin A-Sepharose reflects increased branching of the oligosaccharide chains. 1984, 103 (1):111-6 J Endocrinol
JournalThe Journal of Endocrinology