The re-establishment of hypersensitive cells in the crypts of irradiated mouse intestine.
AffiliationZoological Institute, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113, Japan
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AbstractWithin 3-6 h of small doses of radiation (gamma-rays) the number of dead cells (apoptotic cells) in the crypts of the small intestine reaches peak values. These return to normal levels only after times later than 1 day. After higher doses elevated levels of cell death persist for longer times. The dead cells first occur most frequently at the lower positions of the crypt (median value for the distribution of apoptotic fragments is about cell position 6). At later times more dead cells are observed at higher positions. Two doses of radiation separated by various time intervals have been used to investigate when after irradiation the cell population susceptible to acute cell death is re-established. Dead cells were scored 3 or 6 h after the second dose. The yield of dead cells after two doses represents the sum of the dead cells produced by, and persisting from, the first dose and new apoptotic cells induced by the second dose. Since the temporal and dose-dependence aspects of the dead-cell yield after the first dose alone is known, the additional dead cells attributable to the second dose alone can be determined by subtraction. Within 1-2 days of small doses (0.5 Gy) the sensitive cells, recognized histologically as apoptotic cells, are re-established at the base of the crypt (around cell position 6). After higher doses (9.0 Gy) they are not re-established until about the fourth day after irradiation. Even in the enlarged regenerating crypts the sensitive cells are found at the same position at the crypt base. It has been estimated that the crypt contains five or six cells that are susceptible to low doses (0.5 Gy) (hypersensitive cells) and up to a total of only seven or eight susceptible cells that can be induced by any dose to enter the sequence of changes implicit in apoptosis. Between 4 and 10 days after an initial irradiation of 9.0 Gy the total number of susceptible cells increased from seven to eight to about 10 to 13 per crypt.
CitationThe re-establishment of hypersensitive cells in the crypts of irradiated mouse intestine. 1984, 46 (5):609-23 Int. J. Radiat. Biol. Relat. Stud. Phys. Chem. Med.
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology and Related Studies in Physics, Chemistry, and Medicine
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