AuthorsAnandadas, Carmel N
Clarke, Noel W
Davidson, Susan E
Logue, John P
Lau, Maurice W
Ramani, Vijay A C
Wylie, James P
Cowan, Richard A
AffiliationDepartments of Clinical Oncology Surgery Medical Statistics, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, M20 4BX
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AbstractStudy Type - Preference (prospective cohort) Level of Evidence 1b OBJECTIVES: To identify the reasons for patients with localised prostate cancer choosing between treatments and the relationship of procedure type to patient satisfaction post-treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 768 men with prostate cancer (stage T1/2, Gleason ≤7, PSA <20 ug/L) chose between four treatments: radical prostatectomy, brachytherapy, conformal radiotherapy and active surveillance. Prior to choosing, patients were counselled by a urological surgeon, clinical (radiation) oncologist and uro-oncology specialist nurse. Pre-treatment reasons for choice were recorded. Post-treatment satisfaction was examined via postal questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 768 patients, 305 (40%) chose surgery, 237 (31%) conformal beam radiotherapy, 165 (21%) brachytherapy and 61 (8%) active surveillance. Sixty percent of men who opted for radical prostatectomy were motivated by the need for physical removal of the cancer. Conformal radiotherapy was mainly chosen by patients who feared other treatments (n = 63, 27%). Most men chose brachytherapy because it was more convenient for their lifestyle (n = 64, 39%). Active surveillance was chosen by patients for more varied reasons. Post-treatment satisfaction was assessed in a subgroup who took part in the QOL aspect of this study. Of the respondents to the questionnaire, 212(87.6%) stated that they were satisfied/extremely satisfied with their choice and 171(92.9%) indicated they would choose the same treatment again. CONCLUSION: Men with early prostate cancer have clear reasons for making decisions about treatment. Overall, patients were satisfied with the treatment and indicated that despite different reasons for choosing treatment, they would make the same choice again.
CitationEarly prostate cancer - which treatment do men prefer and why? 2010: BJU Int, 201, 1762 - 1768
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