The pulsatile secretion of bioactive luteinising hormone in normal adult men.
AffiliationDepartment of Medicine (Clinical Biochemistry), University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Salford, UK.
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AbstractWe have studied bioactive and immunoreactive LH pulsatility in 11 normal men. The temporal relationship of plasma LH, testosterone, and FSH were also investigated. Blood samples were taken at 10-minute intervals for 6 h and bioactive LH levels were determined using an in vitro mouse Leydig cell bioassay. Testosterone, LH and FSH were determined by standard radioimmunoassay. Twenty-two bioactive LH pulses were detected (amplitude 8.5 +/- 4.9 IU/l, mean +/- SD) with a frequency of 2 +/- 0.8/6 h compared with only 18 immunoreactive LH pulses (amplitude of 3.6 +/- 1.8 IU/l) and a frequency of 1.6 +/- 0.5/6 h. Bioactive:immunoreactive LH ratios increased (p less than 0.01) from the preceding pulse nadirs (2.26, range 1.66-4.28) to the pulse peaks (2.71, range 1.99-4.67). Twenty FSH pulses (seen in all but one subject) of low amplitude (0.7 +/- 0.6, median 0.5 IU/l) were also present. There was a close temporal relationship between testosterone and FSH secretion with bioactive and immunoreactive LH pulses with lags of 30-60 and 0 min, respectively. We conclude that immunoreactive LH pulses are discordant from bioactive LH pulses in 18% of occasions. Further, the mean amplitude of bioactive episodes were approximately 2.6 times greater than that of immunoreactive episodes, whereas interpulse period and pulse duration were similar. The increase in bioactive:immunoreactive ratio at pulse peaks may indicate that in normal men LH pulses are enriched with a more biopotent form of the molecule.
CitationThe pulsatile secretion of bioactive luteinising hormone in normal adult men. 1990, 122 (5):643-50 Acta Endocrinol
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