Acidic phospholipid species inhibit adenylate cyclase activity in rat liver plasma membranes.
AffiliationMolecular Pharmacology Group, Institute of Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland U.K.
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AbstractIncubation of rat liver plasma membranes with liposomes of dioleoyl phosphatidic acid (dioleoyl-PA) led to an inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity which was more pronounced when fluoride-stimulated activity was followed than when glucagon-stimulated activity was followed. If Mn2+ (5 mM) replaced low (5 mM) [Mg2+] in adenylate cyclase assays, or if high (20 mM) [Mg2+] were employed, then the perceived inhibitory effect of phosphatidic acid was markedly reduced when the fluoride-stimulated activity was followed but was enhanced for the glucagon-stimulated activity. The inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity observed correlated with the association of dioleoyl-PA with the plasma membranes. Adenylate cyclase activity in dioleoyl-PA-treated membranes, however, responded differently to changes in [Mg2+] than did the enzyme in native liver plasma membranes. Benzyl alcohol, which increases membrane fluidity, had similar stimulatory effects on the fluoride- and glucagon-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities in both native and dioleoyl-PA-treated membranes. Incubation of the plasma membranes with phosphatidylserine also led to similar inhibitory effects on adenylate cyclase and responses to Mg2+. Arrhenius plots of both glucagon- and fluoride-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity were different in dioleoyl-PA-treated plasma membranes, compared with native membranes, with a new 'break' occurring at around 16 degrees C, indicating that dioleoyl-PA had become incorporated into the bilayer. E.s.r. analysis of dioleoyl-PA-treated plasma membranes with a nitroxide-labelled fatty acid spin probe identified a new lipid phase separation occurring at around 16 degrees C with also a lipid phase separation occurring at around 28 degrees C as in native liver plasma membranes. It is suggested that acidic phospholipids inhibit adenylate cyclase by virtue of a direct headgroup specific interaction and that this perturbation may be centred at the level of regulation of this enzyme by the stimulatory guanine nucleotide regulatory protein NS.
CitationAcidic phospholipid species inhibit adenylate cyclase activity in rat liver plasma membranes. 1986, 235 (1):237-43 Biochem J
JournalThe Biochemical Journal
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