A proposed mechanism of resistance to cyclophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard in a Yoshida cell line in vitro.
AffiliationExperimental Chemotherapy, Paterson Laboratories, Christie Hospital, Manchester M20 9BX UK
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AbstractA Yoshida sarcoma cell line (YR/cyclo) showing decreased sensitivity to metabolically activated cyclophosphamide in vitro has been shown to be cross-resistant to phosphoramide mustard, the ultimate alkylating agent formed from cyclophosphamide. Resistance to these alkylating agents has been shown to be associated with increased activity of the glutathione S-transferase group of enzymes, and with elevated levels of glutathione, the cosubstrate of the enzyme. The resistant cell line shows lower levels of cellular damage, as measured by alkaline elution following treatment with phosphoramide mustard, than the parental (YS) line. The mechanism of resistance is ascribed to increased deactivation of potentially damaging metabolites of cyclophosphamide by the glutathione S-transferase enzymes, resulting in decreased cellular damage in the resistant cell line.
CitationA proposed mechanism of resistance to cyclophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard in a Yoshida cell line in vitro. 1986, 17 (3):223-6 Cancer Chemother Pharmacol
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
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