Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorElkind, Andrea
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-22T16:20:08Z
dc.date.available2010-11-22T16:20:08Z
dc.date.issued1988-11
dc.identifier.citationDo nurses smoke because of stress? 1988, 13 (6):733-45 J Adv Nursen
dc.identifier.issn0309-2402
dc.identifier.pmid3230215
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1365-2648.1988.tb00564.x
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/115984
dc.description.abstractA comparison of learner nurses and student teachers indicated that occupational differences in smoking prevalence were established prior to entry. However, learner nurses experienced higher stress for the greater part of their first year of training and this was one factor contributing to the consolidation of smoking among them. In general, smoking was seen as a way of dealing with negative feelings and although smokers did not experience greater stress than non-smokers, the former were more likely to feel anger. Lower levels of perceived stress were associated with moves to lesser smoking, suggesting that stress prevents smoking being given up. Some non-smokers were vulnerable in that they both experienced higher stress and saw smoking as a solution. The use of maladaptive intrapsychic coping techniques and the absence of social support outside nursing were both associated with movements to greater smoking.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subject.meshFemale
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshNurses
dc.subject.meshSmoking
dc.subject.meshStress, Physiological
dc.subject.meshStudents, Nursing
dc.subject.meshTeaching
dc.titleDo nurses smoke because of stress?en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Epidemiology and Social Oncology, Christie Hospital, Manchester.en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Advanced Nursingen
html.description.abstractA comparison of learner nurses and student teachers indicated that occupational differences in smoking prevalence were established prior to entry. However, learner nurses experienced higher stress for the greater part of their first year of training and this was one factor contributing to the consolidation of smoking among them. In general, smoking was seen as a way of dealing with negative feelings and although smokers did not experience greater stress than non-smokers, the former were more likely to feel anger. Lower levels of perceived stress were associated with moves to lesser smoking, suggesting that stress prevents smoking being given up. Some non-smokers were vulnerable in that they both experienced higher stress and saw smoking as a solution. The use of maladaptive intrapsychic coping techniques and the absence of social support outside nursing were both associated with movements to greater smoking.


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record