On the specificity of allopurinol and oxypurinol as inhibitors of xanthine oxidase. A pulse radiolysis determination of rate constants for reaction of allopurinol and oxypurinol with hydroxyl radicals.
AffiliationPaterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital and Holt Radium Institute, Manchester, UK.
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AbstractAllopurinol has been employed as a "specific" inhibitor of xanthine oxidase in studies of hypoxic/reoxygenation injury. Pulse radiolysis was used to establish rate constants for the reactions of allopurinol and its major metabolite oxypurinol with hydroxyl radicals: values were (1.45 +/- 0.24) x 10(9) M-1 s-1 for allopurinol and (4.95 +/- 0.84) x 10(9) M-1 s-1 for oxypurinol. These rate constants show that, in view of the amounts of allopurinol that have been used in animal studies, hydroxyl radical scavenging by this molecule could contribute to its biological actions, especially if animals are pre-treated with allopurinol, so allowing oxypurinol to form. The ability of allopurinol to protect tissues not containing xanthine oxidase against reoxygenation injury may be related to radical scavenging by allopurinol and oxypurinol.
CitationOn the specificity of allopurinol and oxypurinol as inhibitors of xanthine oxidase. A pulse radiolysis determination of rate constants for reaction of allopurinol and oxypurinol with hydroxyl radicals. 1988, 4 (4):259-63 Free Radic Res Commun
JournalFree Radical Research Communications