Determination of 5-methylcytosine by acid hydrolysis of DNA with hydrofluoric acid.
AffiliationDepartment of Geriatric Medicine, Withington Hospital, Manchester, England.
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AbstractQuantitation of 5-methylcytosine in DNA after acid hydrolysis has been inaccurate because deamination of cytosine and 5-methylcytosine occurs during the hydrolysis procedure. There is little information in the literature regarding the use of hydrofluoric acid (HF) for DNA hydrolysis and we have therefore undertaken a systematic study of this process. The deoxyribonucleotides of cytosine and 5-methylcytosine were shown not to undergo detectable levels of deamination during prolonged periods (up to 24 h) at 80 degrees C in 48% HF. Kinetic studies show that the release of purine and pyrimidine bases was complete by 4 h under these conditions. Analysis of the 5-methylcytosine content of DNA from various tissues gave levels that were very close to the values reported in the literature. This method is ideally suited for the determination of the overall cytosine methylation levels in DNA.
CitationDetermination of 5-methylcytosine by acid hydrolysis of DNA with hydrofluoric acid. 1987, 167 (2):347-51 Anal Biochem
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