Epidermal cell proliferation. II. A comprehensive mathematical model of cell proliferation and migration in the basal layer predicts some unusual properties of epidermal stem cells.
AffiliationMedizinische Universitätsklinik I, Köln, Federal Republic of Germany.
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AbstractThe clustering of 3HTdR labelled cells in the epidermal basal layer and their changes with time have been modelled mathematically and cannot be adequately fitted by an earlier model of the cell kinetic organisation of the skin. A more refined model analysis was performed based on Monte Carlo computer simulations of cell layers which take cell division, cell aging and lateral as well as vertical cell migration into account. A large variety of hypothetical scenarios was tested to see if each could provide a fit to the clustering data. The analysis provides further support for the concept of a cell kinetic heterogeneity with a stem-transit-postmitotic differentiation scheme. In the best overall model scheme three transit divisions are predicted but unlike in the earlier model it is now postulated that postmitotic cells can be produced at all stages in the lineage rather than only at the end of the amplification scheme. Most important, the model predicts that stem cells and most of the transit cells differ in the way they process 3HTdR label. Grain dilution is an important mechanism to explain the fate of some labelled cells in the tissue, but on its own it can only consistently explain the data if the stem cells have a very low labelling index (LI less than or equal to 1%) which implies a very short biologically unreasonable S-phase. If a higher LI (longer S-phase) is assumed for the stem-cells other mechanisms must be predicted to explain the lack of large clusters and the increase in time of the singles. The selective segregation of chromosomes at mitosis is one such mechanism. However, on its own a large number of cells would have to behave in this way (i.e. both stem and T1 cells). If combined with other assumptions such as some grain dilution this selective segregation may be restricted only to stem cells. In addition the model allows cell production and migration rates to be estimated and the analysis can be related to the EPU-concept. Indeed the model itself would tend to automatically generate an EPU like structure. The model quantitatively reproduces LI, PLM, CL and clustering data.
CitationEpidermal cell proliferation. II. A comprehensive mathematical model of cell proliferation and migration in the basal layer predicts some unusual properties of epidermal stem cells. 1987, 53 (5):286-300 Virchows Arch., B, Cell Pathol.
JournalVirchows Archiv. B, Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology
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