Distribution of 5-doxylstearic acid in the membranes of mammalian cells.
AffiliationUniversity of Illinois College of Medicine, Urbana.
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AbstractConcentration-dependent spin broadening of ESR spectra of the nitroxide 5-doxylstearic acid has been used to evaluate the distribution of 5-doxylstearic acid in the membranes of intact mouse thymus-bone marrow (TB) and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. TB cells, CHO cells, erythrocytes, and isolated plasma membranes from CHO cells were labelled with 5-doxylstearic acid and the peak to peak linewidths of the central line of the resulting ESR spectra were measured. The measured line widths were linearly dependent on the amount of 5-doxylstearic acid incorporated into the sample over the range of 0-0.18 mol nitroxide per mol lipid. In erythrocytes, the relationship between linewidths approximated a linear function at lower concentrations of 5-doxylstearic acid, up to 0.07 mol nitroxide per mol lipid. The amount of broadening of the central line for a given amount of 5-doxylstearic acid was far less for intact cells than for either erythrocytes or plasma membrane, indicating that the 5-doxylstearic acid samples a much larger lipid pool in the intact cells. With the broad assumption that the mobility of the 5-doxylstearic acid is similar in different membranes, the size of the lipid pool sampled by 5-doxylstearic acid is approximately equal to the total cellular lipid in intact cells. If a given concentration of 5-doxylstearic acid sampled only the plasma membrane of TB or CHO cells, we would expect to see a linewidth corresponding to a 12-20-fold greater local concentration of 5-doxylstearic acid than was observed, since the plasma membranes of CHO and TB cells represent only 5-8 percent of the total cellular lipid. Therefore, the 5-doxylstearic acid must distribute into most or all cellular membranes of intact cells and is not localized in the plasma membrane alone.
CitationDistribution of 5-doxylstearic acid in the membranes of mammalian cells. 1988, 944 (2):315-20 Biochim. Biophys. Acta
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta
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