Inducible EGFR T790M-mediated gefitinib resistance in non-small cell lung cancer cells does not modulate sensitivity to PI103 provoked autophagy.
AffiliationClinical and Experimental Pharmacology Group, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.
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AbstractINTRODUCTION: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with certain activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is sensitive to the small molecule EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib, although acquired resistance eventually develops. Resistance is often mediated by acquisition of the T790M mutation in the activated EGFR allele. The aim of this study was to investigate in an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor sensitive NSCLC cell line model, the impact of induced EGFR T790M expression on the cell biology and sensitivity to novel therapeutic strategies. METHODS: Doxycycline inducible EGFR T790M-mediated drug resistance was generated in the clinically relevant HCC827 NSCLC cell line. Cell fate, the activities of EGFR and downstream signaling molecules, and the sensitivity to downstream inhibition of EGFR signaling networks were examined in the presence or absence of induced EGFR T790M expression. RESULTS: Inducible EGFR T790M expression generated acquired resistance to EGFR inhibitors in HCC827 cells as expected. However, induced EGFR T790M expression did not affect activity of EGFR downstream signaling pathways or cell proliferation under the conditions tested. Moreover, sensitivity to inhibition of signaling molecules downstream of EGFR was unaffected by induced EGFR T790M. Importantly, HCC827 cells remained sensitive to class I phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition, which provoked pronounced autophagy, without significant apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase /mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition is a potentially effective therapeutic strategy against NSCLC with acquired resistance to EGFR inhibition. However, the implications of drug-induced autophagy in NSCLC need further exploration.
CitationInducible EGFR T790M-mediated gefitinib resistance in non-small cell lung cancer cells does not modulate sensitivity to PI103 provoked autophagy. 2010, 5 (6):765-77 J Thorac Oncol
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
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