Phase 1b study of dulanermin (recombinant human Apo2L/TRAIL) in combination with paclitaxel, carboplatin, and bevacizumab in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer.
Blackhall, Fiona H
AffiliationService des Innovations, Thérapeutiques Précoces, Département de Médecine, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France. email@example.com
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AbstractPURPOSE: To determine the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) up to a prespecified target dose of dulanermin in combination with paclitaxel, carboplatin, and bevacizumab (PCB) in patients with previously untreated, nonsquamous, stage IIIb (with pleural effusion)/IV or recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this phase 1b study, patients (n = 24) received PCB on day 1 of each 21-day cycle then dulanermin at 4 or 8 mg/kg/d for 5 consecutive days or 15 or 20 mg/kg/d for 2 consecutive days per assigned treatment cohort. Incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), adverse events, and antidulanermin antibodies were assessed. PK parameters were recorded for each agent. Tumor response was measured by modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients received at least one dose of dulanermin plus PCB, six in each treatment cohort. There were no DLTs. An MTD was not reached, and the drug combination was well tolerated. Treatment-emergent adverse events were generally as expected for the PCB regimen. Adverse events attributed to dulanermin were grade 1/2; no significant hepatotoxicity occurred. There was minimal impact of PCB on the PK of dulanermin. There was one confirmed complete response and 13 confirmed partial responses. The overall response rate was 58% (95% CI, 37 to 78). Median progression-free survival was 7.2 months (95% CI, 4.7 to 10.3). CONCLUSION: Dulanermin plus PCB was well tolerated with no occurrence of DLTs and demonstrated antitumor activity in this patient population. Dulanermin at 8 mg/kg/d for 5 days and 20 mg/kg/d for 2 days every 3 weeks in combination with PCB is being studied in a phase II trial.
CitationPhase 1b study of dulanermin (recombinant human Apo2L/TRAIL) in combination with paclitaxel, carboplatin, and bevacizumab in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer. 2010, 28 (9):1527-33 J Clin Oncol
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
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