Involvement of alkylating agents in schistosome-associated bladder cancer: the possible basic mechanisms of induction.
AffiliationDepartment of Environmental Studies, Alexandria University, Egypt.
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AbstractCarcinoma of the urinary bladder is a common malignancy in many tropical and subtropical countries. There is a well documented sequela of chronic urinary schistosomal infection and bladder cancer associated with schistosomiasis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the endemic areas. Experimental bladder cancer can be induced in schistosome-infected animals. Multiple factors have been suggested as causative agents in schistosome-associated bladder carcinogenesis and the N-nitroso compounds appear to be of particular importance. These agents have long been suspected to play a major role in the aetiology of a variety of human cancers. A model for the induction of bladder cancer associated with schistosomiasis is proposed which takes into account the interrelationships between different factors resulting from the infection, especially the role of alkylating agents that can contribute to the induction of this neoplasm.
CitationInvolvement of alkylating agents in schistosome-associated bladder cancer: the possible basic mechanisms of induction. 1992, 63 (3):171-88 Cancer Lett.
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