Macrophage-inflammatory protein protects multipotent hematopoietic cells from the cytotoxic effects of hydroxyurea in vivo.
AffiliationCRC Department of Experimental Haematology, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester, UK.
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AbstractMacrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) has been assessed for its potential in vivo to protect hematopoietic progenitor cells from the cytotoxic effects of a cycle-specific drug--in this case hydroxyurea (HU). Two doses of HU, 7 hours apart, were administered to mice to induce spleen colony-forming unit (CFU-S) cycling and then to kill them during DNA-synthesis. MIP-1 alpha, in a variety of dose and time combinations, was injected before the second dose of HU in an attempt to prevent recruitment or maintain CFU-S quiescence, and thus protect them from the second dose of HU. Without MIP-1 alpha, recovery of the CFU-S population was complete in 7 days. In a dose-dependent manner, MIP-1 alpha either reduced the initial kill and accelerated recovery, or completely protected the CFU-S population. We conclude that MIP-1 alpha does protect multipotent progenitor cells in vivo and that these observations provide a base from which to build practical clinical applications.
CitationMacrophage-inflammatory protein protects multipotent hematopoietic cells from the cytotoxic effects of hydroxyurea in vivo. 1992, 79 (10):2605-9 Blood
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