The Chinese hamster HPRT gene: restriction map, sequence analysis, and multiplex PCR deletion screen.
AffiliationInstitute of Molecular Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.
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AbstractThe fine structure of the Chinese hamster hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) gene has been determined; the gene has nine exons and is dispersed over 36 kb DNA. Exons 2-9 are contained within overlapping lambda bacteriophage clones and exon 1 was obtained by an inverse polymerase chain reaction (PCR). All the exons have been sequenced, together with their immediate flanking regions, and these sequences compared to those of the mouse and human HPRT genes. Sequences immediately flanking all exons but the first show considerable homology between the different species but the region around exon 1 is less conserved, apart from the preserved location of putative functional elements. Oligonucleotide primers derived from sequences flanking the HPRT gene exons were used to amplify simultaneously seven exon-containing fragments in a multiplex PCR. This simple procedure was used to identify total and partial gene deletions among Chinese hamster HPRT-deficient mutants. The multiplex PCR is quicker to perform than Southern analysis, traditionally used to study such mutants, and also provides specific exon-containing fragments for further analysis. The Chinese hamster HPRT gene is often used as a target for mutation studies in vitro because of the ease of selection of forward and reverse mutants; the information presented here will enhance the means of investigating molecular defects within this gene.
CitationThe Chinese hamster HPRT gene: restriction map, sequence analysis, and multiplex PCR deletion screen. 1991, 9 (2):247-56 Genomics