Optimization of multifiber light delivery for the photodynamic therapy of localized prostate cancer.
AffiliationDepartment of Experimental Radiation Oncology, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital, Manchester, UK.
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AbstractThe understanding of light distribution within the target organ is essential in ensuring efficacy and safety in photodynamic therapy (PDT). A computer simulator of light distribution in prostatic tissue was employed for optimizing dosimetry for PDT in localized prostatic cancer. The program was based on empirically determined light distributions and optical constants and an assumed fluence rate differential from fiber source to necrosis periphery. The diffusion theory approximation to the Boltzmann transport equation was the applicable formulation relevant to prostatic tissue, which has a high albedo with forward-scattering characteristics. Solving this equation of diffusive transfer for the appropriate fiber geometry yielded the energy fluence distributions for cleaved fiber and cylindrical diffuser light delivery. These distributions, confirmed by our measurements, show a 1/r and 1/square root of r dependency (r = distance from light source) of the fluence phi (r) for the cleaved fiber and diffuser, respectively. This manifests itself by the tighter spacing of energy fluence isodoses in the case of the cleaved fiber. It was predicted that for a typical PDT regime a single interstitially placed cleaved fiber would treat 0.05-0.72 cm3. Four parallel fibers improved the uniformity of light distribution and treatment volume, and an interfiber separation of 12 mm would be necessary to provide optimal overlap of PDT necrosis, treating 0.26-3.6 cm3. The cylindrical diffuser, however, could treat larger volumes, and it was predicted that four 3 cm long diffusers at an optimal separation of 25 mm would treat 25-88 cm3 of prostatic tissue.
CitationOptimization of multifiber light delivery for the photodynamic therapy of localized prostate cancer. 1993, 58 (4):589-93 Photochem. Photobiol.
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
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