Ondansetron compared with granisetron in the prophylaxis of cyclophosphamide-induced emesis in out-patients: a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomised, parallel-group study. Emesis Study Group for Ondansetron and Granisetron in Breast Cancer Patients.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10541/99304
Title:
Ondansetron compared with granisetron in the prophylaxis of cyclophosphamide-induced emesis in out-patients: a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomised, parallel-group study. Emesis Study Group for Ondansetron and Granisetron in Breast Cancer Patients.
Authors:
Stewart, Alan L; McQuade, B; Cronje, J D; Goedhals, L; Gudgeon, A; Corette, L; Froger, X; Tubiana-Hulin, M; Laplaige, P; Roberts, J T
Abstract:
This is the first double-blind clinical trial in a homogenous group of patients to compare the recommended dosing schedules of ondansetron and granisetron in the control of prolonged emesis after cyclophosphamide-containing chemotherapy (48% CMF, 35% EC) for breast cancer. A total of 514 patients were recruited. Of the 488 patients included in the intent-to-treat analyses, 167 were randomised to group A [8 mg ondansetron intravenously (i.v.) + placebo by mouth (p.o.) before chemotherapy + 8 mg ondansetron p.o. twice daily (b.d.) until day 5], 155 to group B (placebo i,.v. + 8 mg ondansetron p.o. before chemotherapy + 8 mg ondansetron p.o. b.d. until day 5) and 166 to group C (3 mg granisetron i.v. + placebo p.o. before chemotherapy + placebo p.o. b.d. until day 5). On study day 1, the groups were comparable with respect to the proportion of patients experiencing up to 2 emetic episodes (group A: 89%; B: 86%; C: 91%) and in the severity of nausea (no nausea; group A: 51%; B: 55%; C: 54%). Over the 5-day study period significantly more patients were rescued or withdrawn due to lack of response after the granisetron regimen (26%) than after the i.v. + p.o. ondansetron regimen (11%; p < 0.001). Since there was no difference in these parameters on day 1, this reflects differences on days 2-5 and was also reflected in the all-oral ondansetron group over this period (group B: 12%; C: 22% on days 2-5). A significant difference in the severity of nausea after i.v. and p.o. ondansetron compared with granisetron was also observed over the 5-day study period (p = 0.009). This was reflected in a numerical difference in favour of the all-p.o. ondansetron regimen compared with the granisetron regimen (no nausea; group A: 33%; B: 34%; C: 25%). Again these differences reflected differences in nausea control on days 2-5, since no differences were observed on day 1. Logistic regression analyses adjusted for prognostic factors also revealed a significant difference (p = 0.011) in favour of the i.v. + ondansetron group compared with the granisetron group when complete plus major response was compared over days 2-5. No significant differences in the safety profiles of the three treatment groups were observed. There were no severe or unexpected drug-related adverse events and as is well established for the serotonin receptor antagonists, mild constipation (mean 8%) and mild headache (mean 8%) were most commonly reported.
Affiliation:
Christie Hospital, Manchester, UK.
Citation:
Ondansetron compared with granisetron in the prophylaxis of cyclophosphamide-induced emesis in out-patients: a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomised, parallel-group study. Emesis Study Group for Ondansetron and Granisetron in Breast Cancer Patients., 52 (3):202-10 Oncology
Journal:
Oncology
Issue Date:
19-May-2010
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10541/99304
PubMed ID:
7715904
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0030-2414
Appears in Collections:
All Christie Publications

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Alan Len
dc.contributor.authorMcQuade, Ben
dc.contributor.authorCronje, J Den
dc.contributor.authorGoedhals, Len
dc.contributor.authorGudgeon, Aen
dc.contributor.authorCorette, Len
dc.contributor.authorFroger, Xen
dc.contributor.authorTubiana-Hulin, Men
dc.contributor.authorLaplaige, Pen
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, J Ten
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-19T13:41:39Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-19T13:41:39Z-
dc.date.issued2010-05-19T13:41:39Z-
dc.identifier.citationOndansetron compared with granisetron in the prophylaxis of cyclophosphamide-induced emesis in out-patients: a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomised, parallel-group study. Emesis Study Group for Ondansetron and Granisetron in Breast Cancer Patients., 52 (3):202-10 Oncologyen
dc.identifier.issn0030-2414-
dc.identifier.pmid7715904-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/99304-
dc.description.abstractThis is the first double-blind clinical trial in a homogenous group of patients to compare the recommended dosing schedules of ondansetron and granisetron in the control of prolonged emesis after cyclophosphamide-containing chemotherapy (48% CMF, 35% EC) for breast cancer. A total of 514 patients were recruited. Of the 488 patients included in the intent-to-treat analyses, 167 were randomised to group A [8 mg ondansetron intravenously (i.v.) + placebo by mouth (p.o.) before chemotherapy + 8 mg ondansetron p.o. twice daily (b.d.) until day 5], 155 to group B (placebo i,.v. + 8 mg ondansetron p.o. before chemotherapy + 8 mg ondansetron p.o. b.d. until day 5) and 166 to group C (3 mg granisetron i.v. + placebo p.o. before chemotherapy + placebo p.o. b.d. until day 5). On study day 1, the groups were comparable with respect to the proportion of patients experiencing up to 2 emetic episodes (group A: 89%; B: 86%; C: 91%) and in the severity of nausea (no nausea; group A: 51%; B: 55%; C: 54%). Over the 5-day study period significantly more patients were rescued or withdrawn due to lack of response after the granisetron regimen (26%) than after the i.v. + p.o. ondansetron regimen (11%; p < 0.001). Since there was no difference in these parameters on day 1, this reflects differences on days 2-5 and was also reflected in the all-oral ondansetron group over this period (group B: 12%; C: 22% on days 2-5). A significant difference in the severity of nausea after i.v. and p.o. ondansetron compared with granisetron was also observed over the 5-day study period (p = 0.009). This was reflected in a numerical difference in favour of the all-p.o. ondansetron regimen compared with the granisetron regimen (no nausea; group A: 33%; B: 34%; C: 25%). Again these differences reflected differences in nausea control on days 2-5, since no differences were observed on day 1. Logistic regression analyses adjusted for prognostic factors also revealed a significant difference (p = 0.011) in favour of the i.v. + ondansetron group compared with the granisetron group when complete plus major response was compared over days 2-5. No significant differences in the safety profiles of the three treatment groups were observed. There were no severe or unexpected drug-related adverse events and as is well established for the serotonin receptor antagonists, mild constipation (mean 8%) and mild headache (mean 8%) were most commonly reported.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectBreast Canceren
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshAged-
dc.subject.meshBreast Neoplasms-
dc.subject.meshCyclophosphamide-
dc.subject.meshDouble-Blind Method-
dc.subject.meshDrug Administration Schedule-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshGranisetron-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshLogistic Models-
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged-
dc.subject.meshOndansetron-
dc.subject.meshPatient Satisfaction-
dc.subject.meshResearch Design-
dc.subject.meshTreatment Outcome-
dc.subject.meshVomiting-
dc.titleOndansetron compared with granisetron in the prophylaxis of cyclophosphamide-induced emesis in out-patients: a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomised, parallel-group study. Emesis Study Group for Ondansetron and Granisetron in Breast Cancer Patients.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentChristie Hospital, Manchester, UK.en
dc.identifier.journalOncologyen

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