Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate): quinone oxidoreductase (DT-diaphorase) as a target for bioreductive antitumor quinones: quinone cytotoxicity and selectivity in human lung and breast cancer cell lines.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10541/97774
Title:
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate): quinone oxidoreductase (DT-diaphorase) as a target for bioreductive antitumor quinones: quinone cytotoxicity and selectivity in human lung and breast cancer cell lines.
Authors:
Beall, H D; Murphy, A M; Siegel, D; Hargreaves, Robert H J; Butler, John; Ross, D
Abstract:
Bioreductive antitumor quinones require reductive metabolism to produce their cytotoxic effects. A series of these compounds was screened for relative rates of reduction by the two-electron reductase, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (DTD). The antitumor quinones streptonigrin (SN), 2,5-diaziridinyl-3-phenyl-1,4-benzoquinone (PDZQ), 2,5-diaziridinyl-3,6-dimethyl-1,4-benzoquinine (MeDZQ), and [3-hydroxymethyl-5-aziridinyl-1-methyl-2-(1H-indole-4,7-dione)-propen ol] (EO9) were all excellent substrates for recombinant rat and human DTD. All four compounds were reduced by DTD at least 100 times faster than the clinically important bioreductive alkylating agent, mitomycin C (MC). Reduction of the antitumor quinones was generally 4-5 times more efficient by rat DTD than by human DTD. The exception was EO9, which, surprisingly, was reduced 23 times faster by rat DTD than by human DTD. The rate of reduction of each individual quinone was similar under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions, suggesting that DTD may be an important activating enzyme in the hypoxic fraction of solid tumors. The cytotoxicity of MeDZQ and MC was examined in a panel of human breast and lung cancer cell lines. The data showed good correlations between DTD activity and toxicity for both MeDZQ (r = 0.57, p = 0.054) and MC (r = 0.69, p = 0.020), confirming biochemical data that both compounds are bioactivated by DTD. In addition, IC50 values were in general lower for MeDZQ than for MC in cell lines containing elevated DTD, a finding that was consistent with metabolic data that indicated that MeDZQ was a better substrate for DTD than MC. SR, defined as the ratio of the IC50 value for the H596 NSCLC cell line (undetectable DTD activity) to the IC50 value for the H460 NSCLC cell line (high DTD activity), were determined for all five antitumor quinones. SN was the most selective (SR = 86) followed by EO9 (SR = 62), MeDZQ (SR = 17), and MC (SR = 11). Surprisingly, PDZQ, an excellent substrate for DTD, was toxic to both cell lines (SR = 1.8). These data suggest that antitumor quionones that are substrates for DTD may be selectively toxic to tumors with high DTD activity and may be useful in the treatment of those tumors.
Affiliation:
School of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA.
Citation:
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate): quinone oxidoreductase (DT-diaphorase) as a target for bioreductive antitumor quinones: quinone cytotoxicity and selectivity in human lung and breast cancer cell lines. 1995, 48 (3):499-504 Mol. Pharmacol.
Journal:
Molecular Pharmacology
Issue Date:
Sep-1995
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10541/97774
PubMed ID:
7565631
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0026-895X
Appears in Collections:
All Paterson Institute for Cancer Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBeall, H Den
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, A Men
dc.contributor.authorSiegel, Den
dc.contributor.authorHargreaves, Robert H Jen
dc.contributor.authorButler, Johnen
dc.contributor.authorRoss, Den
dc.date.accessioned2010-04-30T15:39:11Z-
dc.date.available2010-04-30T15:39:11Z-
dc.date.issued1995-09-
dc.identifier.citationNicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate): quinone oxidoreductase (DT-diaphorase) as a target for bioreductive antitumor quinones: quinone cytotoxicity and selectivity in human lung and breast cancer cell lines. 1995, 48 (3):499-504 Mol. Pharmacol.en
dc.identifier.issn0026-895X-
dc.identifier.pmid7565631-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/97774-
dc.description.abstractBioreductive antitumor quinones require reductive metabolism to produce their cytotoxic effects. A series of these compounds was screened for relative rates of reduction by the two-electron reductase, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (DTD). The antitumor quinones streptonigrin (SN), 2,5-diaziridinyl-3-phenyl-1,4-benzoquinone (PDZQ), 2,5-diaziridinyl-3,6-dimethyl-1,4-benzoquinine (MeDZQ), and [3-hydroxymethyl-5-aziridinyl-1-methyl-2-(1H-indole-4,7-dione)-propen ol] (EO9) were all excellent substrates for recombinant rat and human DTD. All four compounds were reduced by DTD at least 100 times faster than the clinically important bioreductive alkylating agent, mitomycin C (MC). Reduction of the antitumor quinones was generally 4-5 times more efficient by rat DTD than by human DTD. The exception was EO9, which, surprisingly, was reduced 23 times faster by rat DTD than by human DTD. The rate of reduction of each individual quinone was similar under either aerobic or anaerobic conditions, suggesting that DTD may be an important activating enzyme in the hypoxic fraction of solid tumors. The cytotoxicity of MeDZQ and MC was examined in a panel of human breast and lung cancer cell lines. The data showed good correlations between DTD activity and toxicity for both MeDZQ (r = 0.57, p = 0.054) and MC (r = 0.69, p = 0.020), confirming biochemical data that both compounds are bioactivated by DTD. In addition, IC50 values were in general lower for MeDZQ than for MC in cell lines containing elevated DTD, a finding that was consistent with metabolic data that indicated that MeDZQ was a better substrate for DTD than MC. SR, defined as the ratio of the IC50 value for the H596 NSCLC cell line (undetectable DTD activity) to the IC50 value for the H460 NSCLC cell line (high DTD activity), were determined for all five antitumor quinones. SN was the most selective (SR = 86) followed by EO9 (SR = 62), MeDZQ (SR = 17), and MC (SR = 11). Surprisingly, PDZQ, an excellent substrate for DTD, was toxic to both cell lines (SR = 1.8). These data suggest that antitumor quionones that are substrates for DTD may be selectively toxic to tumors with high DTD activity and may be useful in the treatment of those tumors.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectBreast Canceren
dc.subjectLung Canceren
dc.subjectCultured Tumour Cellsen
dc.subject.meshAnimals-
dc.subject.meshAntineoplastic Agents-
dc.subject.meshBiotransformation-
dc.subject.meshBreast Neoplasms-
dc.subject.meshCarcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshKinetics-
dc.subject.meshLung Neoplasms-
dc.subject.meshNAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)-
dc.subject.meshOxidation-Reduction-
dc.subject.meshQuinones-
dc.subject.meshRats-
dc.subject.meshTumor Cells, Cultured-
dc.titleNicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate): quinone oxidoreductase (DT-diaphorase) as a target for bioreductive antitumor quinones: quinone cytotoxicity and selectivity in human lung and breast cancer cell lines.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA.en
dc.identifier.journalMolecular Pharmacologyen
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