Relationships between clonogenic cell survival, DNA damage and chromosomal radiosensitivity in nine human cervix carcinoma cell lines.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10541/85579
Title:
Relationships between clonogenic cell survival, DNA damage and chromosomal radiosensitivity in nine human cervix carcinoma cell lines.
Authors:
Eastham, Angela M; Atkinson, J; West, Catharine M L
Abstract:
PURPOSE: To compare clonogenic cell survival, DNA damage and chromosomal radiosensitivity in nine cervix carcinoma cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial and residual (after 24h repair) radiation-induced DNA damage was evaluated using pulsed field gel electrophoresis. Chromosome damage was measured by micronucleus (MN) induction in cytochalasin-B-induced binucleate cells. RESULTS: Significant differences between the cell lines were obtained in the induced levels of initial damage, residual damage and MN. Values for SF2 for the nine cell lines ranged from 0.36 to 0.92. No correlation was found between clonogenic measurements of radiosensitivity and initial DNA damage dose response slopes. However, borderline significant correlations were seen between clonogenic radiosensitivity data and the levels of residual DNA damage. There was no correlation between clonogenic radiosensitivity and the levels of radiation-induced MN. Cell lines with high levels of initial damage had high yields of MN induced by radiation and the correlation seen was significant. CONCLUSIONS: The poor correlation between the different endpoints precludes their use in a clinical setting on primary tumour samples in vitro. It may be that tumour cell lines in vitro are a poor model for tumours in vivo. Studies aimed at assessing assays for measuring tumour radiosensitivity therefore should employ clinical samples. In vitro cell line work should concentrate on unravelling the complex mechanisms involved in determining a radiosensitive or radioresistant phenotype.
Affiliation:
CRC Experimental Radiation Oncology Group, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester, UK.
Citation:
Relationships between clonogenic cell survival, DNA damage and chromosomal radiosensitivity in nine human cervix carcinoma cell lines. 2001, 77 (3):295-302 Int. J. Radiat. Biol.
Journal:
International Journal of Radiation Biology
Issue Date:
Mar-2001
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10541/85579
DOI:
10.1080/09553000010017108
PubMed ID:
11258843
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0955-3002
Appears in Collections:
All Paterson Institute for Cancer Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEastham, Angela Men
dc.contributor.authorAtkinson, Jen
dc.contributor.authorWest, Catharine M Len
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-06T16:06:03Z-
dc.date.available2009-11-06T16:06:03Z-
dc.date.issued2001-03-
dc.identifier.citationRelationships between clonogenic cell survival, DNA damage and chromosomal radiosensitivity in nine human cervix carcinoma cell lines. 2001, 77 (3):295-302 Int. J. Radiat. Biol.en
dc.identifier.issn0955-3002-
dc.identifier.pmid11258843-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/09553000010017108-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/85579-
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: To compare clonogenic cell survival, DNA damage and chromosomal radiosensitivity in nine cervix carcinoma cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial and residual (after 24h repair) radiation-induced DNA damage was evaluated using pulsed field gel electrophoresis. Chromosome damage was measured by micronucleus (MN) induction in cytochalasin-B-induced binucleate cells. RESULTS: Significant differences between the cell lines were obtained in the induced levels of initial damage, residual damage and MN. Values for SF2 for the nine cell lines ranged from 0.36 to 0.92. No correlation was found between clonogenic measurements of radiosensitivity and initial DNA damage dose response slopes. However, borderline significant correlations were seen between clonogenic radiosensitivity data and the levels of residual DNA damage. There was no correlation between clonogenic radiosensitivity and the levels of radiation-induced MN. Cell lines with high levels of initial damage had high yields of MN induced by radiation and the correlation seen was significant. CONCLUSIONS: The poor correlation between the different endpoints precludes their use in a clinical setting on primary tumour samples in vitro. It may be that tumour cell lines in vitro are a poor model for tumours in vivo. Studies aimed at assessing assays for measuring tumour radiosensitivity therefore should employ clinical samples. In vitro cell line work should concentrate on unravelling the complex mechanisms involved in determining a radiosensitive or radioresistant phenotype.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectCultured Tumour Cellsen
dc.subjectTumour Stem Cell Assayen
dc.subjectUterine Cervical Canceren
dc.subject.meshCell Nucleus-
dc.subject.meshCell Survival-
dc.subject.meshChromosomes, Human-
dc.subject.meshDNA Damage-
dc.subject.meshDose-Response Relationship, Radiation-
dc.subject.meshElectrophoresis, Agar Gel-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshMicronucleus Tests-
dc.subject.meshRadiation Tolerance-
dc.subject.meshTumor Cells, Cultured-
dc.subject.meshTumor Stem Cell Assay-
dc.subject.meshUterine Cervical Neoplasms-
dc.titleRelationships between clonogenic cell survival, DNA damage and chromosomal radiosensitivity in nine human cervix carcinoma cell lines.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentCRC Experimental Radiation Oncology Group, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester, UK.en
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Radiation Biologyen

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