Pulsed ultrasound measurements of depth and regression of basal cell carcinomas after photodynamic therapy: relationship to probability of 1-year local control.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10541/78231
Title:
Pulsed ultrasound measurements of depth and regression of basal cell carcinomas after photodynamic therapy: relationship to probability of 1-year local control.
Authors:
Moore, James V; Allan, Ernest
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: The regression of clinical basal cell carcinoma (BCC) after photodynamic therapy (PDT) is poorly understood, but is potentially important when, as is increasingly the case, a second treatment is contemplated. High-frequency pulsed ultrasound provides noninvasive information on skin and lesion thickness. OBJECTIVES: To relate pulsed ultrasound measurements before and after PDT to the probability of local control of BCC by PDT. METHODS: Skin thickness and lesion thickness were measured by 20-MHz pulsed ultrasound in 181 patients diagnosed as having BCC. Maximal lesion thickness was determined by repeatedly sampling the BCCs. Measurements were made immediately prior to PDT with aminolaevulinic acid plus 630 nm visible light, and then at 1, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: Skin thickness in individual patients did not vary with time in this study (mean +/- SD 2.3 +/- 0.6 mm; P = 0.8). In contrast, BCC mean +/- SD maximal thickness 4-6 weeks after PDT was significantly smaller than pretreatment (0.6 +/- 0.8 mm vs. 1.3 +/- 0.8 mm; P < 0.001). The overall probability of 1-year local control fell from 85% when only BCCs </= 1.5 mm thick were considered, to 75% when BCCs up to 3 mm were included. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound measurement of maximal pretreatment BCC thickness strongly predicts the probability of local control, defined clinically, at 1 year after a single PDT treatment. The degree of regression at 4-6 weeks is additionally predictive.
Affiliation:
Laser Oncology Group, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital (NHS) Trust, Manchester M20 4BX, UK. jmoore@picr.man.ac.uk
Citation:
Pulsed ultrasound measurements of depth and regression of basal cell carcinomas after photodynamic therapy: relationship to probability of 1-year local control. 2003, 149 (5):1035-40 Br. J. Dermatol.
Journal:
The British Journal of Dermatology
Issue Date:
Nov-2003
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10541/78231
PubMed ID:
14632811
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0007-0963
Appears in Collections:
All Christie Publications ; All Paterson Institute for Cancer Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMoore, James V-
dc.contributor.authorAllan, Ernest-
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-21T14:40:46Z-
dc.date.available2009-08-21T14:40:46Z-
dc.date.issued2003-11-
dc.identifier.citationPulsed ultrasound measurements of depth and regression of basal cell carcinomas after photodynamic therapy: relationship to probability of 1-year local control. 2003, 149 (5):1035-40 Br. J. Dermatol.en
dc.identifier.issn0007-0963-
dc.identifier.pmid14632811-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10541/78231-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: The regression of clinical basal cell carcinoma (BCC) after photodynamic therapy (PDT) is poorly understood, but is potentially important when, as is increasingly the case, a second treatment is contemplated. High-frequency pulsed ultrasound provides noninvasive information on skin and lesion thickness. OBJECTIVES: To relate pulsed ultrasound measurements before and after PDT to the probability of local control of BCC by PDT. METHODS: Skin thickness and lesion thickness were measured by 20-MHz pulsed ultrasound in 181 patients diagnosed as having BCC. Maximal lesion thickness was determined by repeatedly sampling the BCCs. Measurements were made immediately prior to PDT with aminolaevulinic acid plus 630 nm visible light, and then at 1, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: Skin thickness in individual patients did not vary with time in this study (mean +/- SD 2.3 +/- 0.6 mm; P = 0.8). In contrast, BCC mean +/- SD maximal thickness 4-6 weeks after PDT was significantly smaller than pretreatment (0.6 +/- 0.8 mm vs. 1.3 +/- 0.8 mm; P < 0.001). The overall probability of 1-year local control fell from 85% when only BCCs </= 1.5 mm thick were considered, to 75% when BCCs up to 3 mm were included. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound measurement of maximal pretreatment BCC thickness strongly predicts the probability of local control, defined clinically, at 1 year after a single PDT treatment. The degree of regression at 4-6 weeks is additionally predictive.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectSkin Canceren
dc.subject.meshAged-
dc.subject.meshCarcinoma, Basal Cell-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshFollow-Up Studies-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshMale-
dc.subject.meshPhotochemotherapy-
dc.subject.meshPrognosis-
dc.subject.meshRemission Induction-
dc.subject.meshSkin Neoplasms-
dc.subject.meshTreatment Outcome-
dc.titlePulsed ultrasound measurements of depth and regression of basal cell carcinomas after photodynamic therapy: relationship to probability of 1-year local control.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentLaser Oncology Group, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital (NHS) Trust, Manchester M20 4BX, UK. jmoore@picr.man.ac.uken
dc.identifier.journalThe British Journal of Dermatologyen

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